The area evaluated by the feasibility study has been historically limited in terms of land use opportunities and economic development due to minimal groundwater availability and the unlikelihood of obtaining a consistent water supply.

Phase 1 of the Elmore-Ada Water Project found that a sustainable water source to the area is feasible from a technical, financial, legal, political, environmental and hydrologic perspective.

Potential water sources may include new appropriation of Snake River water rights during non-irrigation periods, purchase of senior Snake River water rights during irrigation periods, and use of aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) to offset summer peak demand and mitigate current groundwater declines.